Capital of the Kingdom of Morocco since 1912 , is an elegant and quiet city that contrasts with its exciting past . Founded in the tenth century as Ribat ( fortified monastery ) was the capital of Yacoub Almansur in the twelfth century and Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdallah in the seventeenth century .
Inhabited since the third century BC , hosted a Phoenician port , later Carthaginian and Roman finally . With open spaces that overlook the ocean , Rabat is a very nice place to enjoy strolling the quiet rhythm of this privileged city.
Located between the estuary of the Bou Regreg and the Atlantic Ocean . The wall of the Andalusians and Moriscos (built by them in the sXVII ) to the south separating it from the city center . West borders erected by the Moors in the twelfth century wall.
The lively main street , both sides is full of restaurants and stalls basically supply and jewelry. The other major street corner , Sidi Fatah , is the Mosque of Moulay Sliman Grand Mosque , its present appearance dates almost entirely of the nineteenth century. In Bab Chellah, three arches parties point to the site of a former meriní source .
Of course, not to be missed : Souk el Sebat (weaving , jewelry) or Tehti Souk , where carpets are sold rabatíes most appreciated .
RUE DES CONSULS
Another major artery where once lived the foreign representatives . It, along with the aforementioned souks, the shopping area of the medina. Its wooden doors open onto patios where today are installed tailors, carpet sellers (auctions morning) and tissues. There are also two former fundouqs – shelters for caravans , in whose courtyard the camels stayed overnight ( in Madrid survived some buildings of this style in the Cava Baja ) .
RUE TAHT EL HAMMAM
This street is the Hammam El Jadid from the time of the meriníes (XIV century) .
MOSQUE MULAY MEKKI
With carved wooden door and painted ceiling vault (XVIII century) .
THE OUDAIAS KASBAH
The enclosure of the kasbah is the Almohad period , except the part that surrounds the Andalusian Garden. Stresses the Oudaias Gate , built in ocher -red carved stone and attributed to Yaqub elMansour , which is considered one of the jewels of Almohad art . Inside the kasbah deserve Cemetery also mentioned the Alou , the street Jamaa , the Tower of the Pirates and the Andalusian Garden (where the oldest mosque in Rabat, is the s XII ) . Visiting the kasbah is essential to stop at the Café Moro to sip mint tea and delicious ” gazelle horns ” . Beautiful panoramic view of the estuary from the platform bouregreg the old light.
Unfinished minaret of a mosque built by Yacoub el Mansour , who at his death was interrupted. It falls within the style of the Koutoubia Marrakesh and the Giralda in Seville and is located on an esplanade with beautiful marble columns.
MAUSOLEUM OF MOHAMED V
It is called this way the entire building complex comprising the Mausoleum itself. Masterpiece of traditional Moroccan art , painted wood , stucco, carved marble and chiseled bronze. In it the tombs of Mohammed V and HassanII are .
From meriní origin, in its enclosure is the necropolis and the ancient Roman city of Sala, with abundant remains of buildings.
«Dar el Makhzen».” Give the Makhzen ‘. Spectacular set of beautifully crafted buildings housing a modern palace building , a mosque and several government buildings amid large and tree-lined avenues .
Save collections from archaeological excavations around the Moroccan territory , ranging from prehistory to modern times. Of particular interest are extracted bronzes deposits Volubilis, Lixus and Banasa . And also worth mentioning the collections of Islamic archeology.
The Museum of Moroccan Arts Rabat, located within the kasbah , in a beautiful building , houses a spectacular collection of rugs, Korans illuminated manuscripts , costumes , ceramics , embroidery …
-MUSEUM OF THE EARTH SCIENCES
The skeleton of sauropod dinosaur 150 million years and from the region Azilal in the High Atlas , is the most famous discovery .
Exhibition of rare stamps, old telephones , telegraphs , telex .
On the right bank of the Bou Regreg for years competed with Rabat, to become practically a suburb of the capital. However , it maintains its own personality and its medina , more boisterous than Rabat, has real character. Worth visiting : Bab el Mrisa , meriní door Bab Sidi bou Square Haja , in the old medina , the Bab ‘s Khebbaz the foundouq Askour , former hospital built by the meriníes , and the Great Mosque of Sidi Abdallah marabouts ben Hassoun ( patron of Sale) , in whose honor is held every year on the Feast of the Candles , and Sidi Ahmed ben Achir . .
-THE ZOO (5,5KM)
With a total of 50 hectares , part of which is grown to feed the animals, Rabat Zoo , plus a complete sample of the Moroccan fauna exhibits a rich variety of large mammals, cats and birds.
-Sables d’Or ( Golden Sands ) south of Rabat (16Km ))
-Temara (12km) inside can admire an old kasbah that belonged to the Oudaïa
-Skhirat (23km) beach where a beautiful coastal road reaching Mohammedia ( 41km ) beach frequented by the inhabitants of Casablanca starts
-Plage des Nations (20km ) , well known by surfers
-Mehdia (39 km) beach at the mouth of Sebou the foot of the kasbah of the same name ( fish market ) .
-THE QUBA OF SIDI MOUSSA (5KM)
Where moussem has an important place, half a kilometer north of the ruins of the Gnaoua kasbah .
-GARDENS OF SIDI BOUKNADEL (12KM)
Surrounded by greenhouses for research and experimentation, these gardens cover 4 ha and played mini landscapes with exotic plants imported from the Caribbean, Asia and South America .
– THE FOREST MAMORA ( 60KM )
They located between NE and Oued Bou Sebou Regreg : eucalyptus, pine and mimosa are some of the most common species.